On June 3, 2022, the New York Legislature passed the Warehouse Worker Protection Act (WWPA)(Senate Bill 8922A) (Bill), which if signed into law, would require employers to provide a written description of quotas to which employees are subject, including the associated consequences for failing to meet any such quota and a statement that employees cannot be required to meet quotas that prevent compliance with meal or rest periods, or use of bathroom facilities.
The law would apply to “warehouse distribution centers” with more than 100 “non-exempt and non-administrative” employees at single site, or more than 500 of such employees across multiple distribution centers in New York.
Written description of any quotas must be provided to employees upon hire or within 30 days of the WWPA’s effective date, and within two business days of any quota changes.
The WWPA would establish a rebuttable presumption of unlawful retaliation for any adverse actions, including discipline or termination, taken within 90 days of an employee’s request for records under the WWPA or complaint of a perceived violation of the WWPA, including complaints made “mistakenly but in good faith.”
The law would impose additional recordkeeping requirements on covered employers by requiring them to keep records of each employee’s “own personal work speed data,” the “aggregated work speed” for “similar employees” at the same establishment, and the written descriptions/notice of the quota employees previously were provided.
These records must be retained for the duration of employment for active employees. Upon separation from employment, records of the six months prior to separation must be retained for a three-year period from the date of a covered employee’s separation from employment.
In addition to being available to inspectors at the New York State Department of Labor (DOL), current and former employees would have the right to request copies of such records for themselves as well as aggregated data for similar employees.
Failure to Comply
Penalties for violations of the WWPA, which include providing written descriptions of quotas to both current and former employees, range from up to $1,000 for the first violation, $2,000 for the second violation, and $3,000 for all subsequent violations.
Next Steps for Employers
While it is currently unclear whether Governor Hochul will sign the bill, if enacted, the WWPA would create significant obligations on covered warehouse employers, and such employers would be required to take necessary steps to ensure compliance with the new law. The bill will be delivered to Governor Hochul by the end of the calendar year and would take effect 60 days after signing.
The WWPA also requires the DOL to adopt and implement regulations prior to the WWPA’s effective date.
HR Works will continue to monitor this bill and provide updated information as it becomes available.